Periodontal Therapy and Gum Disease
Periodontal therapy is the treatment and prevention of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontitis. While Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums, Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum disease where bacterial plaque destroys the gums, soft tissue and eventually the bone structure.
Gum disease is caused by bacterial plaque, with other factors including poor hygiene, smoking, tooth grinding, diabetes, stress and some medications. Most people will experience gingivitis at some stage of life and the symptoms can be hard to spot. Things to look out for include:
- Gums that bleed during brushing or when eating certain foods (blood on the toothbrush is a common first sign)
- Swollen gums that may or may not be painful
- Bad breath
If you notice some of these symptoms, you should contact us and book an appointment for teeth cleaning and polishing as a first step for gum disease treatment. Untreated, gingivitis can progress to the more serious periodontitis.
Periodontitis is characterized by:
- Tooth ligaments detaching
- Destruction of surrounding bone
- Teeth becoming loose or wobbly
- Tooth loss
At Dentatime, our Periodontist carries out advanced gum treatment and can ease some of symptoms caused by gum disease. After a thorough consultation, a detailed plan is put together for your gum care, based on how advanced the gum disease stage happens to be.
Gum disease treatments offered at our Dentatime practice are painless and carried out using the most up-to-date techniques and modern technologies. One of the most common therapies recommended by our dental team is deep cleaning using the ultrasound system and air flow polishing handpiece (KAVO Prophyflex 3) that removes plaque and calculus from your teeth in order to prevent the progression of gum disease, and leaves your mouth shiny clean.
Here are some of the gum diseases therapies advised and applied by the Dentatime team for periodontal treatment:
- Professional dental cleaning for plaque, calculus and stain removal
- Air Flow polishing
- Deep Cleaning-Dental curettage for tooth roots (root surfaces)
- Bone and soft tissue augmentation techniques
- Correction with braces for misalignment caused by gum disease
- Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) treatment (see below)
PRF is the abbreviation for the term “plateletrich fibrin”, which means a platelet-enriched fibrin. These are products which are obtained from the patient’s blood and are used primarily in dental cosmetic surgery. Lately, fibrin has been with very popular usage in advanced dental procedures for better healing of bone and soft tissue, and serves as an ideal preparation for surgical procedures that precede dental implants.
PRF is used in the following cases:
- Augmentation of crestal bone in the jaw (preparation for implant placement)
- Periodontal surgery (flap surgery)
- treatment of gingival recession (gum recession) – membrane made from PRF bare necks are covered and defect is eliminated.
- Tooth extraction – PRF is inserted into the defect in order to minimize the loss of bone mass
PRF is a safe method because it works on the basis of applying just a small part of the patient’s own blood back to the defect without any other additives.
The best way to help avoid gum disease and protect against further complications is to practice good oral hygiene. Our team strongly recommends regular preventive check-ups every 4 to 6 months and an excellent oral hygiene to be observed for keeping gums and teeth healthy.
Dentatime Periodontal Price Range:
- Teeth cleaning – ultrasound scaling (all teeth) – from 70 BGN
- Teeth cleaning – ultrasound scaling and polishing with AirFlow (all teeth) – from 100 BGN